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R#1608 simulated Multi-Color Gemstone ladies silver ring size 7.5

R#1608 simulated Multi-Color Gemstone ladies silver ring size 7.5

R#1608 simulated Multi-Color Gemstone ladies silver ring size 7.5

Brand new, handcrafted 5 hand-set “Simulated” gemstones in high polished silver plated ring. Beautifully crafted with these amazing 5, 5x15mm, Baguette cut Multicolored Gemstones. Purple Amethyst, Morganite, Green Peridots, Red Garnet, Green and Imperial Pink Topaz “Simulated” gemstone. This ring well-crafted with high polished silver plate, gemstones are hand-set with using either jewelry style prongs and or channel style setting or both. All gemstones are “Simulated” lab-created for their 100% flawless color and cut (Please read more below all about lab-created “Simulated” gemstones and why they just might be the right choice for you). All designer rings come in their own wonderful gift box, ready to be wrapped for that very special someone in your life, and or a safe place to keep your new ring when you’re not wearing it. Size is (us) 7.5. MSRP is 149.00


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My Personal disclaimer;

Honesty and my Integrity about all the jewelry I sell and Great Service is my Policy before, during and after every sell. I want to earn your business as my new Client.


Our rings are made with Simulated Gemstones and Silver plating.


If your body has higher acid than some you may want to buy jewelry with 10K,18K or even 24K Gold or Solid Sterling Silver


Don't be fooled by other people offering you excellent cut and Flawless Jeweler Grade AAA+++ Genuine Gemstones at these prices, Genuine Gemstones could cost Hundreds if not Thousands of dollars.


I have taken many pictures of each piece of jewelry to help you see as much of each angle in order to truly show this beautifully handcrafted piece of jewelry.


Buy with confidence; I offer a 100% 30 Day Money back Guarantee with no questions asked.


All shipping is USA 2-6 Days (First Class Postage) shipping out of Country worldwide orders will take longer to arrive.


Please note that the photos are enlarged to show the details of color and pattern. For detailed item information, please refer to our description. As the reason of the camera and the lights we used on photo, the item maybe a little different on the color, but it won't be too much different than what you see, thank you for your understanding. The item looks like a very expensive and very well made. The item has great looking stones and the work is nicely done, all of the stones are set with claw, it is absolutely gorgeous and with an excellent workmanship. The type of setting makes this item very different in style. A beautifully designed piece of hand crafted jewelry. All stones are set by hand in this marvelous design.

History of the Purple Amethyst gemstone;

Rumor has it that Amethyst was a personal favorite of Queen Catherine the Great of Russia.

Amethyst has been a prized gem for centuries. It is the birthstone for Pisces and the month of February, and the gemstone for the 6th anniversary of marriage. The stone is included in royal collections all over the world, from ancient Egypt to the British crown jewels. The Smithsonian has an amethyst that weighs 400 pounds! Ancient civilizations prized the stone more than many gems, which today, enjoy more recognition and value, including the Sapphire and the Ruby. In olden times, Amethyst saw its place in the Christian church, worn on Bishops’ rings. The royal purple color used to symbolize Christ. Saint Valentine was thought to wear a ring set with an antique Amethyst carved with an image of Cupid. The stone is also a symbol of Saint Matthias. There are a number of Biblical references to the amethyst. It was also one of the twelve precious stones in the high priest Aaron’s breastplate. The twelfth foundation of the Holy City was built of amethyst. For some time, true amethyst was valued equally with the diamond. Then great finds in South America and elsewhere made it more plentiful. As its rarity decreased, so did its price.

According to Greek mythology, Amethyst was a young virgin who became the object of wrath of the Greek God Dionysus after he became intoxicated with red wine. When Amethyst cried out to Goddess Diana for help, she immediately turned the girl into a white, shimmering stone (quartz). When Dionysus realized what had happened and felt remorse for his actions, his tears dripped into his goblet of red wine. The goblet overturned, and the red wine spilled all over the white rock, saturating it until it became the purple quartz that is now known as Amethyst.

The name amethyst derives from the ancient Greek word amethustos, meaning sober. It was said that an amethyst could prevent the bearer from becoming excessively drunk and also instills a sober and serious mind. It was believed that if a person drank from a cup or goblet made entirely of amethyst, he or she would not get drunk at all. In Greek mythology, amethyst was rock crystal dyed purple by the tears of Dionysus, the god of wine and revelry. Ancient Egyptians used the stone as the representative of the zodiac sign of the goat. The goat was considered the enemy of vines and vineyards, and therefore the antidote of wine.

Amethyst has been thought to have many attributes throughout history, and all of them are good. The stone was thought to control evil thoughts, quicken intelligence, make a shrewd man in business, preserve soldiers from battle wounds, aid the warrior to victory, help the hunter in search of his game, protect the wearer from contagious diseases, and put demons to flight if the figure of a bear is inscribed on the jewel. Amethyst was known as a gem that would bring forth the highest, purest aspirations of human kind. Chastity, sobriety, and control over one’s thoughts were all attributes heightened by wearing the stone. The gem would guard against the anger of passion, and the violent or base nature of its wearer. The stone encouraged calm, bravery, and contemplation.

Amethyst has religious connotations, as well. It was one of the twelve stones that adorned the breastplate of the high priest Aaron (Exodus 39). Amethyst later has stood for the tribe of Dan, one of the Twelve Tribes of Israel. The Apostle Matthias and the Guardian Angel Adnachiel spirit are associated with Amethyst, as well. During the middle Ages, Amethyst stood for piety and celibacy and was therefore worn by members of the Catholic Church clergy and was used to adorn crosses.

During the Renaissance, Amethyst has stood for humility and modesty. Throughout the ages, powerful and rich monarchs have used Amethyst as a symbol of royalty, and some Amethysts even decorate the British Crown Jewels. Rumor has it that Amethyst was a personal favorite of Queen Catherine the Great of Russia.

Historically, the stone was believed to assist prophecy and visions and to bring riches and powers to its owners. It has always been associated with the civil and religious classes that have ruled human cultures. In the Chinese philosophy of Feng Shui, the amethyst enhances the wealth corner focusing on the giving and receiving of material wealth. At the highest level, amethyst bestows the spiritual understanding required to reach the state of bliss. It is associated with the crown chakra at the top of the head where divine essence enters. It is a good stone to solve discord, suggested for children and warring relatives. In Renaissance magic, an amethyst engraved with the image of a bear was worn as a protective amulet. In Graeco-Roman times, rings of amethyst set in bronze were worn as charms against evil, and magical cups carved from amethyst banished sorrow and evil from all who drank.

History of the Morganite Gemstone;

Morganite is often called the Angel gemstone because many believe that it draws love into the life of its wearer.

 Morganite has existed for millions of years. However, for most of that time it was viewed merely as nothing more than a pink form of beryl. It wasn't until 1911, that the gem was considered for its own name. Tiffany's chief gemologist, George Kunz, for whom the gem kunzite is named, recommended that the unusual beryl receive its own moniker. He went on to recommend that it be named after the well-known gem collector and world famous financier, J.P. Morgan; hence the name Morganite. The stone comes from the same illustrious family that produces emerald and aquamarine. Pure beryl has no color. However, certain impurities found within the stone cause it to radiate certain colors. In Morganite's case, the element manganese exists within the gem, giving it pink tone that ranges from the palest of pinks to more of a light violet. It can sometimes even be found in darker shades that are almost reminiscent of the pink sapphires. Some even exhibit the palest coral or orange shading. Morganite is mined today in the countries of Afghanistan, Brazil, Madagascar, and the United States. In the U.S., it is mined predominantly in the states of California, Connecticut, Maine, and North Carolina. The size of the stone also plays into the depth of color that Morganite displays. Most collectors prefer their Morganite in large sizes in order to get the benefit of full color saturation.

  Cut can also have an effect on the color and value of a Morganite stone. Because it is hard, ranking an eight on the Mohs scale of hardness, the gem can be cut into various shapes. This includes the fancy experimental shapes that are popular today. While color is important with this gem, so is transparency. Unfortunately, the two don't always go hand in hand. Some of the stones with the deepest color possess that because they contain more impurities. However, those impurities can often affect the clarity of the stone. For that reason, many jewelers prefer the paler colored Morganite stones, which tend to be more transparent in nature. Morganite is relatively rare so those who get their hands on it tend to value it as one of their most precious jeweled treasures. It is equally popular among gem and jewelry collectors alike. However, it is even more difficult to find jewelry made of Morganite. Those who can will find it necessary to pay a premium price. Because the gem is hard it is also suitable for most types of jewelry, including necklaces, pendants, earrings, bracelets, and rings. It requires little special care since it doesn't scratch or break easily. However, many jewelers still recommend pouching it in cloth or velvet before storing it with other jewelry. Cleaning Morganite is simple as well. You can use gentle gemstone jewelry cleaner or a mild soap with water and a soft brush. While it can be immersed in ultra-sonic cleaners, most jewelers do not recommend using that process. Morganite is often called the angel gem because many believe that it draws love into the life of its wearer. Psychics also believe that the gem is helpful in communicating with spirit guides and guardian angels. The gem is further believed to generate compassion, sympathy, empathy, and patience in those who wear or carry it. Some claim that the stone helps them to focus their life on the positive and chases away unnecessary stress. It relaxes its owner, leaving him or her with a peaceful feeling of joy. The gem also has healing powers. It is used to help those suffering from diseases of the respiratory system like emphysema and tuberculosis. However, it is also helpful with simple asthma, sore throats, and atypical breathing problems. A few believe that it also helps those who are suffering from heart disease. New age healers claim that the stone can clear as well as energize the heart chakra. Because the gem encourages a reverence for life, it is believed to be helpful in opening the body to natural healing powers. Morganite is associated with the astrological sign of Libra and the numerological number three.


History of the Forest Green Peridot gemstone; 


Peridot is the National gemstone of Egypt. Ancient Egyptians knew it as “the gem of the sun.”


Peridot is named after the French word Peritot, meaning gold, because the mineral can vary towards this color. Peridot is the birthstone for the month of August. It is also the stone given to celebrate the 16th year of marriage. Peridot has a very long written history. Ancient papyri record the mining of these stones as early as 1500 BC. The main source of Peridot in the ancient world was TopazoIsland (now Zabargad or St. John’s Island) in the Egyptian Red Sea. In Ancient times, peridot stones were used for carved talismans. Island habitants were forced to collect the gems for the Pharaoh’s treasury. Legend says that jealous watchers who had orders to put to death any trespassers guarded the entire island. The story continues that the miners worked in the daytime as well as night, as the gems could be found after nightfall due to their radiance. The miners would mark the spot at night for retrieval the following day.

Peridot is the National gem of Egypt. Ancient Egyptians knew it as “the gem of the sun.” Peridot was mined for over 3,500 years on St Johns Island. As late as the 19th Century, the Kedhive ofEgypt had a monopoly on the mines. At one point, the island’s exact whereabouts became a mystery for several centuries until being rediscovered in 1905. Joel Aram, from the “Color Encyclopedia of Gemstones 2nd Edition,” writes “Zabargad is an island in the Red Sea that is often shrouded in fog, making it difficult for ancient navigators to find. The location has been lost in fact, for centuries, and was rediscovered in about 1905. The island is located 35 miles of the Egyptian coastal port ofBerenica.” In the 19th Century, the mines on Zabargad Island produced millions of dollars worth of Peridot. After 1905, production of the gems peaked, but by the late 1930’s it tapered off to practically nothing and reached a virtual stand still in 1958, when the mines were nationalized. Although parcels of St. Johns Peridot still come into the market once in a while, it is not known whether it is new or old. Most assume it is old.

Peridot was known in old times as Chrysolite. The name Chysolite however, was used at a time when we did not have the ability to so accurately identify stones as we do today. The word “Chrysolite” was also used for some colors of Topaz until we began to be able to recognize the differences between these stones.

Once upon a time, ecclesiastical treasures in European cathedrals included some fine, large Peridots, but wars and pillage have dispersed many of them. The ones that disappeared probably do exist today but have been cut down to smaller size and set in jewelry.

In the middle ages, Europeans brought Peridot stones back from the Crusades to decorate church plates and robes. Peridot was also known to ancient Hebrews and is listed both as one of the stones used by Aaron and found in the text of the apocalypse (Revelations).

Before a coup d’etat in 1962, that left the country a socialist totalitarian state controlled by its army, Burma was a thriving peridot producer, principally in its North Central Mogok district. Now,Burma is in economic shambles, completely poor and depressed. The only Burmese Peridot available now is decent, but far from great, yet the price is a hundred times that of Burma’s best before the country was shut off from the world. Politics are the reason Burma can no longer be counted on for Peridot. Burma still produces some gemstones, but mining is clandestine and most goods are passed onto the outside world through a rather elaborate network of smugglers. Thailand is actually a cheap conduit for Burmese contraband.

One famous large Peridot gem adorning the shrine of the Three Holy Kings in the cathedral atCologne was for centuries, believed to be an emerald, and only identified as Peridot late in the last century. A few jewelry historians are now convinced that some, maybe all of the emeralds Cleopatra was famous for wearing, were not actually Emeralds, but Peridots from Egypt. This Emerald-looking shade of green is almost never encountered in Peridots under ten carats. To find stones of such color, one must look in Egypt and Burma, where production has reached a virtual standstill in recent years.

Peridot has long been called “an Evening Emerald,” for under artificial light, the stone glows a brilliant green. Peridot is similar to the emerald but softer in intensity. Peridots of two or three carats are expensive, and a fine eight-carat stone is extremely rare. Any stones beyond eight carats are collectors or museum pieces. Two of the finest peridot displays containing some of the largest and best specimens are in the American Museum of Natural History in New York City and the Field Museum in Chicago. The Smithsonian Institution in Washington DC has a cut Peridot stone of 310 carats.

Throughout history, there have been many legends that state the strong magical power that Peridot possesses. Legend says that if the gem is set in gold, it will develop its full potential as a talisman and will have the power to dispel terrors of the night- fears and bad dreams. However, according to Pliny the Elder, the Great Roman authority on such matters, for Peridots to work their strongest magic, they must be worn on the right arm.

Several experts believe that the second gemstone in Aaron’s breastplate was a Peridot. There is also an argument that has never been settled as to which gem was used as the seventh foundation stone for the New Jerusalem of the Bible. Some authorities maintain that this too was Peridot. Another note about the power of the gemstone is contained in a statement made by the Bishop ofMainz about 1,100 years ago to the effect that “…in the Peridot is shown true spiritual preaching accompanied by miracles.”

Peridot has been long considered to be an aid to friendship and supposedly frees the mind of envious thoughts. It is also supposed to protect the wearer from the evil eye. Other legends credit peridot with bringing happiness and good cheer, attracting lovers, and strengthening the eyes. Pliny wrote that Peridot is dull during daylight hours but will glow like a hot coal by night.

Several sources say that in ancient times, cups or other vessels made of peridot were used in healing because medicinal liquids drunk from them were more effective. In 1502 in Venice, Kunz cited the manuscript which relates the ancient practice of using a piece of Peridot upon which was carved an ass to assist a person with a skill or prophesy. On the other hand, the engraving of a totem or a vulture allowed the stone to have control over various demonic spirits as well as the winds. 

History of the Red Garnet gemstone;Christian tradition considered the blood-red garnet gemstone as a symbol of Christ’s sacrifice”  

Garnet is the birthstone for January and the stone that celebrates the 2nd anniversary of marriage. The name “garnet” comes from the Latin word “Garanatus,” meaning “seed like,” in reference to a pomegranate. This reference makes sense as small garnets look like the bright red seeds you find inside in a pomegranate. The garnet has been a popular gem throughout history. Garnets were found as beads in a necklace worn by a young man in a grave that dates back to 3000 B.C. This is proof of the hardness and durability of the stone.

The King of Saxony is said to have had a garnet of over 465 carats. Plato had his portrait engraved on a garnet by a Roman engraver. Bohemia, now a part of Czechoslovakia, was once a tremendous source of garnet, and at one time, cutting, polishing, and mounting garnets was a very rich industry in that country. Many Bohemian castles and churches had magnificent interiors decorated with garnet. Bohemian garnets are famous even today, known for their small but beautiful stones set close to each other resembling a pomegranate. Garnet jewelry is still found in the Czech Republic, with the stones still arranged in the traditional, tightly joined way. This ensures that the attraction of the classical Garnet pieces is caused only by the beauty of its stones. The Anglo-Saxons were also fond of garnets. Their jewelry was set with garnets mounted in many forms.

Garnets were highly popular in Europe, in 18th and 19th centuries. They were frequently used for jewelry in the Victorian times. In Old Spain, the pomegranate was a favorite, and as a result of this, so was the garnet. In Spanish astrology, the garnet once represented the sun. In ancient times, garnet was known as”Carbuncle,” which relates to the color and refers to a boil or blister. This name was also applied to other red stones, but to the garnet in particular.

Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary describes the garnet as “a brittle and more or less transparent red silicate mineral that has a vitreous luster, occurs in many crystals but also in massive forms and in grains, is found commonly in gneiss and mica schist, and is used as a semiprecious stone and as an abrasive.” Garnet is one of the most plentiful stones. There is hardly any other gem that unites such a broad spectrum of color and luster, as well as rarity and size of widely varying gemstones. For example, the precious green uvarovite garnet from the Urals is an almost priceless gemstone due to the fact that it only forms in fairly large crystals.

Garnet is actually a group name for the silicate minerals almandine, pyrope, spessartine, grossular, andradite, mozambique and uvarovite, so the garnet is a far more diverse gem than its name suggests. All of these garnet minerals share similar cubic crystal structure and chemical composition. Gem quality garnet occurs in many countries, and beautifully formed crystals have been prized for over 5000 years.

Throughout time, there have been many ancient traditions and legends about the garnet. In medieval times, the stones were thought to cure depression, protect against bad dreams, and relieve diseases of the liver, as well as hemorrhages. According to legend, Noah used a finely cut, glowing garnet to illuminate the ark during those dark wet days and nights. Hebrew writers include the garnet as one of the twelve gems in Aaron’s breastplate. Christian tradition considered the blood-red garnet as a symbol of Christ’s sacrifice. The Koran holds that the garnet illuminates the Fourth Heaven of the Moslems. The Greeks said it guarded children from drowning. It was also thought to be potent against poisons.

In Greek mythology, a pomegranate is referenced as a gift of love and is associated with eternity. Nowadays, Garnet remains as a gift of love and is traditionally given for the 19th anniversary of marriage. It may also be used as a gift for two-year and six-year anniversaries. Moreover, Garnet is symbolic of a quick return and separated love, since Hades had given a pomegranate to Persephone before she left him to ensure her speedy return. Therefore, Garnet may be given to a beloved before embarking on a trip, as it is believed to heal the broken bonds of lovers.

It has been said that a garnet engraved with the figure of a lion is an all around effective charm that will protect and preserve health, cure the wearer of all disease, bring him honors, and guard him from all the possible perils in traveling. It was also said to warn the wearer of approaching danger and was long ago carried as a protective talisman. One writer wrote that if a garnet loses its luster and shine, it is a sure sign of coming disaster. There may be an affinity between garnets and the warrior tradition. It is recorded that garnets have been used as pellets by a group of native people of India, shot from bows. The tribal belief was that the stone would inflict wounds, which would be particularly bloody.

The history of garnet’s ability to bring about transformation is found in many books. Thelma Isaacs writes that “garnets used for healing were usually almandine and pyrope, the red and purple-red transparent minerals. They were thought to counter melancholy and act as a heart stimulant. In ancient times, there were some who believed that gazing at a red garnet could lead to passion, anger, and even apoplexy.” Barbara Walker believes that “garnet blood magic was left over from ancient ideas of the life-giving powers of uterine blood.” Garnet was named from granatum, the pomegranate, a red-jeweled womb symbol ever since the matriarchal age. Because of these ancient connections with feminine life force, it was sometimes thought that only women should wear garnets.


History of the light Green Topaz;


In Egyptian practices, it is the symbol of Ra, the Sun god, who was the giver of life.

The Latin writer Pliny the Elder used the island’s name for a yellowish green stone found there, and it soon became the name for most yellow stones. Topaz was once predominantly found there but is now also found in Brazil, Nigeria, Australia, Burma, and Mexico.

The Greeks and Romans greatly valued topaz as a gemstone. In medieval times, small wine-yellow Saxonian Topaz was mined at Schneckenstein in the Erzgebirge Mountains in Saxony Germany, and several rulers wore these specimens in jewelry. Deep mining was later used at the site from 1737 to 1800. Topaz was always a prized and rare stone from the time of the middle Ages until discoveries of large deposits in Brazil in the mid 19th century. Nowadays it is much more popular and very affordable.

In 1740, the “Braganza” diamond (1,640 carats) was found in Ouro Preto, Brazil. It was set in the Portuguese crown, and was thought to be the largest diamond ever found. The fact that it was a diamond was never confirmed, and it is now believed to have been a colorless Topaz.

Topaz was one of the stones selected by Aaron for his priestly breastplate. He placed it on there as the second stone in the first row of stones. Topaz is also found as one of the stones in Revelation and is one of the stones of the apocalypse. In Egyptian practices, it is the symbol of Ra, the Sun god, who was the giver of life. In Europe, Topaz became strongly linked with Apollo, who is also a solar being.

The majority of Topaz is colorless and is called white Topaz. The next most abundant color of Topaz is blue and green. The most frequently seen stones in jewelry are the shades yellow or sherry brown, and pink. Clear, pink, blue and honey-yellow varieties of Topaz are especially valued. The most sought after and expensive colors are called “Imperial Topaz.” In the past, it was thought that all yellow gems were Topaz and that all topaz was yellow. We now know Topaz varies in color from pale blue and colorless, to yellow, orange, brown and pink. The pink stones so popular in Victorian jewelry were produced by heat-treating golden-brown topaz from Brazil.


History of the Imperial Pink Topaz gemstone;


Pink Topaz is also known as Imperial Topaz.


   The name Topaz was most likely derived from an island in the Red Sea, now Zabargad but formerly Topazo, which is the ancient source of peridot.

   Red and pink Topaz gems were used in the jewelry of the 18th and 19th Century Russian Czarinas and earned the name "Imperial Topaz". During the middle Ages, Topaz was thought to heal both physical and mental disorders and prevent death. The Greeks believed it had power to increase strength and to make its wearer invisible; the Romans believed it had power to improve eyesight; the Egyptians wore it as an amulet to protect them from injury.

   The most famous Topaz is a colorless topaz that was originally thought to be a diamond. It is a 1680-carat stone known as the "Braganza Diamond" set in the Portuguese Crown Jewels. Another beautiful Topaz is in the Green Vault in Dresden which has one of the world's most impressive gem collections.


Pink Topaz Composition

Topaz is composed of aluminum fluorosilicate which contains both fluorine and hydroxyl. The coloring agents in Topaz are iron and chromium. Deposits are associated with pegmatite or secondary placers.


Mining Pink Topaz

Discovered around 1760 in the Ouro Preto (meaning Black gold) district of Minas Gerais Brazil is a mine called Capão that only produces this particular color of Topaz. The Topaz hailing from this particular area can range in color from a pastel yellow to a rich golden hue. The pink color can range from a peachy pink (also known as Imperial) to a vibrant, bright pastel pink known as Precious Pink Topaz. The pink color is the most valuable of the topaz family which commands a higher price in the market.

   Capão Mine is the largest and oldest commercially viable mine for imperial topaz in the world. It is an open cast mine, where weathered Topaz-quartz-calcite veins are mined. The gravel is transported by a dredge bucket to the hydraulic washing station. The clay is removed with huge water cannons and the rocks in the material are transported to a belt where the gems are sorted. The result of processing many tons of clay is a few dozen topaz crystals per day.


Treatments & Handling of Pink Topaz

Blue and golden/yellow Topaz is typically irradiated while imperial and pink topazes are heat treated to deepen the color. The pink is carefully heated in a specific environment to drive off the yellow/orange tint and leave the pink color. The heating process is fine sciences that must be carefully calculated produce these fine colors.

   Care must be taken during polishing and setting of pink Topaz because of the danger of cleavage. The best cleaning method is the use of warm soapy water. Avoid using an ultrasonic machine. Also, avoid prolonged exposure to light and heat as well as sharp blows or sudden temperature changes.


History of Simulated Lab-Created Gemstone;


One primary advantage of simulated lab-created gemstones is the lower cost for consumers. These man-made gems are offered for a fraction of the price of natural stones. This allows buyers to own a gemstone that looks, feels and has the same composition as the real thing without having to also deal with the hefty price tag attached to natural gemstones.



Gemstones are an excellent example of the beauty that nature creates. These precious and semi-precious stones are formed by heat and pressure beneath the surface of the earth. Diamonds, the most venerated of precious jewel, are formed when carbon is put under great pressure. Attempts to make diamonds in a lab began in the 1800’s with cheap carbon and intense heat and pressure to imitate the role that the earth plays in the process. It is unclear whether these early attempts at created gemstones produced actual lab-created diamonds or simulated diamonds.



Lab-created Versus Simulated


Simulated Lab-created gemstones are, by definition, stones that not only look like the real thing but have the same mineral composition as the standard for a specific gemstone. To create these in-lab jewels, scientists study the chemical composition and natural formation process of real gems. They then attempt to re-create the process in the lab with the same materials as exist in nature. There is one small difference, however - manmade stones do not have inclusions and other imperfections that natural stones have. Simulated stones are also made in a laboratory. They do not share the name of lab-created, however, because they are made with a different process and have a different composition. Like a three-dimensional simulation, these imitation stones are merely a mirage. They look like their parent stone, but that is as far as the similarities go. Unlike stones referred to as lab-created, simulated stones do not have the same chemical make-up as a real stone. They also do not have the same density and often do not feel the same to touch. Cubic zirconia, which imitates the look of a diamond, is one commonly simulated gemstone.



Advantages and Disadvantages


One primary advantage of simulated lab-created gemstones is the lower cost for consumers. These man-made gems are offered for a fraction of the price of natural stones. This allows buyers to own a gemstone that looks, feels and has the same composition as the real thing without having to also deal with the hefty price tag attached to natural gemstones. Another advantage to lab-created and simulated gemstones is that they eliminate the need to seek gems in the natural world and all of the dangers associated with that process. Gems are mined beneath the earth’s surface, which can be very dangerous for the workers who undertake this venture. There are, however, disadvantages to lab-created gemstones. Because markets are flooded with low-priced alternatives to natural gems, some worry that the demand for higher priced jewels may drop over time. Some are also concerned that lab-created diamonds are being passed off as the real thing. To combat this worry, special equipment was created to make it easier to spot the lab-created stones. To many, these man-made gems are an almost too perfect version of their natural counterparts. Without inclusions, some feel they are fakes, even though they have the same makeup as real gems. These flawless stones, although popular as a cheap alternative, are still not as revered as the real stones that come complete with inclusions. The continued love for real gemstones is buried in history and gem tradition, and for many, lab-created stones are just not the same.



History of Silver Plating


Sometimes an item may have an overlay of genuine silver on top of another metal. This is called silver plating.


The originators of silver-plating were George Richards Elkington and Henry Elkington who began their research in times of the industrial revolution. By the 1830's they had patented their processes and 1840 saw the technique of electro-plating brought to perfection.

John Culme, in his Directory of Gold and Silversmiths, said that "Elkington Electroplate was soon accepted with the result that the firm allowed a number of manufacturers to use the technique under license. Among the earliest granted were those of Christofle & Cie of France".



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Sincerely yours Dale,  







On Jan-15-13 at 03:41:53 PST, seller added the following information:

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IMDb: 6.5 586 HD Pokémon the Movie: The Power of Us (English Audio) | Hidden Figures 2016 DVDSCR-P2P & XVID-FrangoAssado & x264 AC3 - SiNDK8 [the4go10subs®] | Született detektívek